Which best characterizes diabetes mellitus type 2? In type 2 diabetes, the body does not produce or use insulin effectively. Therefore, much glucose remains in the circulation, while insufficient glucose enters the cells.
Which of the following is an indicator of type 2 diabetes? Formerly known as adult-onset diabetes, type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a kind of diabetes characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative insulin deficiency. Increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss are common symptoms.
What is the definition of type 2 diabetes? What is diabetes type 2? Type 2 diabetes is a dangerous illness in which the insulin produced by the pancreas is either ineffective or insufficient. This indicates that your blood glucose (sugar) levels continue to rise.
Which Of The Following Best Describes Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus – RELATED QUESTIONS
What is the root cause of type 2 diabetes?
Obesity, overweight, and lack of physical activity If you lack physical activity and are overweight or obese, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases. Insulin resistance is a frequent complication of type 2 diabetes and may be caused by excess weight. The location of body fat is also significant.
What effects does type 2 diabetes have on the body?
Your pancreas will eventually be unable to keep up, causing your blood sugar to increase and laying the path for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. High blood sugar is harmful to the body and may lead to other major health issues, such as cardiovascular disease, eyesight loss, and renal disease.
What issues are linked to type 2 diabetes?
Hypoglycemia (very low blood glucose) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS) are the short-term consequences of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is associated with diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease (nephropathy), diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular consequences.
How may type 2 diabetes be diagnosed?
Below 5.7% is OK. 5.7% to 6.4% of people have prediabetes. 6.5% or above on two independent tests is diagnostic of diabetes.
Which of these is the most prevalent cause of type 2 diabetes?
Obesity and inactivity are two of the most prevalent causes of type 2 diabetes, however not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight. These factors account for 90 to 95 percent of diabetes cases in the United States.
What are the indications and symptoms of diabetes?
Frequent urination. Extreme thirst. Undiagnosed weight loss Extreme hunger. Sudden eyesight changes. Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet. Feeling quite exhausted the most of the time. Very dry skin.
Who is susceptible to type 2 diabetes?
Your risk rises as you age. You are at greater risk if you are white and over the age of 40, or if you are African-Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian and above the age of 25. Two to six times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if a parent, sibling, or child has the disease.
What risk factors contribute to type 2 diabetes?
Have prediabetes. Are overweight. Are at least 45 years old. Have a parent, sibling, or other relative with type 2 diabetes. Less often than three times each week. Have you had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) or delivered a baby weighing more than 9 pounds.
How is diabetes type 2 prevented?
Lose weight and maintain the loss. By decreasing 5 to 7 percent of your beginning weight, you may be able to avoid or postpone diabetes. Move more. Five days each week, engage in at least 30 minutes of physical exercise. Consume healthful meals on a regular basis.
Does a bad diet induce type 2 diabetes?
Diet. A high fat, calorie, and cholesterol diet increases the chance of developing diabetes. A poor diet may result in obesity (another diabetes risk factor) and other health issues. A diet rich in fiber and low in fat, cholesterol, salt, and sugar is considered healthful.
Does diabetes type 2 need insulin?
People with type 2 diabetes may need insulin if their food plan, weight reduction, exercise, and anti-diabetic medications are not sufficient to attain the desired blood glucose (sugar) levels. Diabetes is a progressive condition, and insulin injections may be required to compensate for the pancreas’ diminishing insulin output.
What is the sugar level in type 2 diabetes?
Normal blood sugar levels during 2 hours are 140 mg/dL or less, 140 to 199 mg/dL, which suggests prediabetes, and 200 mg/dL or more, which indicates diabetes.
What is the most frequent diabetic complication?
One of the most frequent consequences of diabetes, nerve damage (neuropathy) may cause numbness and discomfort. Typically, nerve injury affects the feet and legs, but it may also impact the digestive system, blood vessels, and heart.
How is diabetes type 2 treated?
Metformin is often the first medication prescribed. You may need to take more medications or a different medication, such as insulin, if: your therapy is not maintaining appropriate blood sugar levels. You have cardiovascular issues or need to shed weight.
What are the three approaches for diagnosing type 2 diabetes?
Glucose levels in the blood are used to diagnose and control diabetes. There are three blood glucose tests: the fasting glucose test, the random glucose test, and the A1c test.
In older persons, what are the signs of type 2 diabetes?
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes may include fatigue, increased appetite or thirst, unintentional weight loss, frequent urination, and impaired vision. In addition, skin infections and poor wound healing may occur.
What are the first symptoms of type 2 diabetes?
Greater thirst. When sugar accumulates in the blood, the kidneys work hard to eliminate it. More hunger. Peeing frequently. The mouth is dry. Loss of weight without dieting. Fatigue. fuzzy vision Headaches.
What should diabetics with type 2 avoid?
Reduce your carbohydrate consumption. Exercise frequently. Water should be your main beverage. Make an effort to lose weight. Quit smoking. Cut down on your portion amounts. Reduce your inactive activities. Follow a diet rich in fiber.
Can diabetes type 2 be cured?
There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but weight loss, a healthy diet, and regular exercise may help manage the condition. If diet and exercise are insufficient to control your blood sugar level, you may need diabetic medicines or insulin treatment.
Can type 2 diabetes be prevented?
Yes! Even if you are at a high risk, you may prevent or postpone type 2 diabetes with proven, attainable lifestyle modifications, such as decreasing a modest amount of weight and being more physically active.
What occurs when a Type 2 diabetic consumes excessive sugar?
If you have diabetes, excessive sugar consumption might cause kidney damage. The kidneys play a significant role in blood filtration. When blood sugar levels exceed a specific threshold, the kidneys begin excreting extra sugar in the urine.
Does stress induce diabetes?
Stress does not cause diabetes, but it may alter blood sugar levels and management of the disease. Having to manage diabetes in addition to life’s typical ups and downs may be a source of stress. It is not always easy to live with, and it may seem much more difficult when many others do not comprehend it.