Why is diabetes referred to be an epidemic? Despite the fact that diabetes mortality is on the rise across all racial and socioeconomic categories, complications and increased death rates disproportionately affect minorities and low-income groups, hence aggravating health inequities. Diabetes is pandemic. The significant and fast rising frequency of the condition necessitates the inclusion of this description.
How many African Americans suffer from diabetes? 4,9 million African-American adults, or 18.7% of all African-Americans 20 years old, have diabetes, compared to 7.1% of non-Hispanic white Americans. African Americans have a 77% greater chance of developing diabetes than non-Hispanic white Americans.
Is there a significant prevalence of diabetes in Africa? It is estimated that 15.9 million persons in Africa are diabetic, with a regional incidence of 3.1%. The African continent has the highest prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes mellitus, and worldwide forecasts indicate that its diabetes burden will grow by about 156% by 2045 .
Why Is Diabetes An Epidemic In The African American Community – RELATED QUESTIONS
What role does race play in diabetes?
According to research, African-Americans tend to have lower potassium levels than whites. A deficit in potassium is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Similarly, African-Americans may be better than whites in producing insulin on average.
When did diabetes become a pandemic?
In 1994, the chief of the diabetes program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said that diabetes had reached epidemic proportions and should be regarded a serious public health issue.
Why is diabetes on the rise so quickly?
Obesity is commonly viewed as the primary contributor to the rising prevalence of diabetes [8–10], but other factors such as age, ethnicity, lifestyle (i.e., physical inactivity and energy-dense diet), socioeconomic status, education, and urbanization have also been identified as potentially important contributors [11–14].
Why are minorities more prone to diabetes?
The issue for minorities is a mix of risk factors. Lack of access to health care, financial level, and cultural attitudes and habits might be obstacles to avoiding and effectively managing diabetes. Moreover, diabetes may advance more rapidly in minority groups.
Is diabetes common among African-Americans?
Facts about diabetes and race The American Diabetes Association (ADA) reports that the prevalence of diabetes among non-Hispanic Blacks is 11.7%, compared to just 7.5% among non-Hispanic whites. With a frequency of 9.2%, Asian Americans are somewhat more impacted by diabetes than white Americans.
Which race has the greatest diabetes prevalence?
14.5 percent of American Indians and Alaska Natives. 12.1% of black non-Hispanics 11.8 percent of Hispanics. 9,5 percent of Asian Americans 7.4% of white non-Hispanics
Which African nation has the highest rate of diabetes?
Nigeria (about 1.2 million), South Africa (841 thousand), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (552 thousand), Ethiopia (550 thousand), and Tanzania (380 thousand) are the top five nations in Sub-Saharan Africa in terms of the number of diabetics (table 19.4).
Which populations are more susceptible to diabetes?
American Indians/Alaska Natives (14.7%), individuals of Hispanic origin (12.5%), and non-Hispanic blacks (11.7%) had the greatest prevalence of diagnosed diabetes, followed by non-Hispanic Asians (9.2%) and non-Hispanic whites (7.5%). (Appendix Table 3).
What role does culture have in diabetes?
Despite the fact that diabetes affects individuals of all races and ethnicities, the rates of diagnosed diabetes remain highest among ethnic minority groups, including non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanics, and Asian Americans, among others (1,2).
Is type 2 diabetes endemic?
For the poor, the lack of diagnosis and treatment for relatively uncommon, difficult, and little investigated illnesses such as diabetes constitutes an endemic crisis. We are hopeful that the current situation will improve.
Does diabetes qualify as a pandemic?
Diabetes is an epidemic in America. It is anticipated that one in three Americans born in 2000 will get diabetes. Diabetes is a global epidemic. In 2003, 194 million persons between the ages of 20 and 79 had diabetes globally.
Why is diabetes a concern of public health?
Diabetes raises the chance of premature mortality, and problems associated to diabetes may diminish quality of life. The large worldwide diabetes burden has significant economic effects on people, healthcare systems, and governments.
Which race is afflicted by diabetes?
Those of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Central American, and Dominican heritage had the greatest incidence of diabetes, with rates ranging from 16.2% to 19.3% for males and 18% to 19.3% for women (Table 2).
What proportion of Africans suffer from diabetes?
Recent surveys conducted in the African Region reveal that up to 15 percent of persons aged 25 to 64 have diabetes. Diabetes is often a quiet illness, and a considerable proportion of individuals are unaware that they have it.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Diabetes significantly raises the risk of several cardiac conditions. These include coronary artery disease with chest discomfort (angina), heart attack, stroke, and atherosclerosis (atherosclerosis). Diabetes increases the likelihood of developing heart disease or a stroke. Nerve injury (neuropathy).
What is the diabetes prevalence in Nigeria?
In September 2017, the United Nations estimated Nigeria’s population to be 193,3 million . The pooled DM prevalence of 5.77% identified in our meta-analysis shows that 11,2 million Nigerians (1 out of every 17 people) are afflicted with the condition.
How can faith impact diabetes?
Studies suggest that religious participation is connected with improved adaption to chronic diabetes, since it improves medical appointment attendance and medication adherence. The findings of earlier investigations on spiritual beliefs and diabetes treatment are shown in Table?1 [37-41].
What effect do socioeconomic influences have on diabetes?
Diabetic frequency in the United States is 12.6% among those with less than a high school education, 9.5% among those with a high school education, and 7.2% among those with more than a high school education (61). A college degree or higher is related with the lowest diabetes risk (62).
Is diabetes rising or decreasing in the United States?
The pace of increase of diabetes in the United States is worrying. According to the CDC’s (Centers for Disease Control) National Diabetes Statistics Report for 2020, the expected number of diabetes cases has increased to 34,2 million.
Is diabetes a societal issue?
According to a spokeswoman for the World Health Organization, diabetes is not only a health problem, but a disease that affects the whole society (WHO). Globally, lifestyle changes are leading in an increase in the occurrence of the potentially deadly illness.
What foods should diabetics avoid eating?
Sautéed meats High-fat meat cuts, such as ribs. porcine bacon. Regular cheeses. Birds with skin. Fish cooked in oil. Deep-fried tofu. Beans that have been cooked with fat.
What does itching due to diabetes feel like?
People with diabetes are more likely than those without the illness to feel itchy skin. Itching that persists may be irritating and lead to excessive scratching, which can result in infection, discomfort, and pain.